General notes about the EMA survey

  • After completing the health survey, participants who chose the Ethica option received an email with instructions for downloading the Ethica App.
  • Participants used the Ethica app for a total of 30 days.
  • Participants received 66 survey notifications during their participation on Ethica
    • 21 of those were Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) surveys on mood (3 times a day for 7 consecutive days).
    • 14 of those were items from the Mental Health Continuum Short Form Scale (1 survey per item)
    • 3 of those were feedback questions
    • 10 of those was a question about the first mode of transportation used in the morning
    • 8 of those was a question on the location of the participant’s phone (potential check for mode detection work)
    • 3 of those were surveys relating to tracking devices
    • 7 were general messages presenting information, encouragement and gratitude to participants.
  • Respondents had two hours to respond to the survey before it expired
  • Survey dates ranged from June 2019 to March 2020

Participation Summary

  • 542 participants joined the Ethica app
  • On average, participants completed 29 surveys of the 59 survey prompts containing questions.
  • In total, there are 15589 completed surveys
  • 12086 surveys expired before the participant answered the questions.

Short Mood Scale

Participants were asked to answer quick surveys on their mood three times a day, for seven consecutive days. The items were:

  • At this moment, I feel: unwell-well (scale of 6)
  • At this moment, i feel: content-discontent (scale of 6)
  • At this moment, I feel: agitated-calm (scale of 6)
  • At this moment, I feel: relaxed-tense (scale of 6)
  • At this moment, I feel: tired-awake (scale of 6)
  • At this moment, I feel: full of energy-without energy (scale of 6)
  • At this moment, I am interacting with: (no one, I am alone; no one, but there are people around me; friend(s); family member(s)/spouse/partner; colleague(s))

Summary table: With whom is the participant upon answering survey

Response Frequence Percentage
Alone 1831 33.79
Alone but people around me 1084 20.00
Friends 588 10.85
Family 1585 29.25
Colleagues 331 6.11

Mood by time of day

At this moment, I feel unwell/well

1 Unwell (n = 46) 2 (n=100) 3 (n=320) 4 (n=955) 5 (n=1,786) 6 Well (n=2,286) NA (n=4,974)
Time of day                     
   AM: n (%) 22 (48) 34 (30) 131 (41) 353 (37) 603 (34) 722 (32) NA (NA)
   mid-day: n (%) 13 (28) 39 (35) 104 (32) 300 (31) 637 (36) 776 (34) NA (NA)
   PM: n (%) 11 (24) 40 (35) 85 (26) 302 (32) 546 (31) 788 (34) NA (NA)

At this moment, I feel discontent/content

1 Discontent (N=44) 2 (N=147) 3 (N=366) 4 (N=1,054) 5 (N=1,787) 6 Content (N=2,037) NA (N=22,307)
Time of day                     
   AM: n (%) 21 (48) 65 (44) 129 (35) 393 (37) 589 (33) 623 (31) NA (NA)
   mid-day: n (%) 13 (30) 42 (29) 131 (36) 359 (34) 625 (35) 686 (34) NA (NA)
   PM: n (%) 10 (23) 39 (27) 106 (29) 301 (29) 573 (32) 728 (36) NA (NA)

At this moment, I feel agitated/calm

1 Agitated (N = 67) 2 (N = 196) 3 (N = 610) 4 (N = 1,185) 5 (N = 1,780) 6 Calm (N = 1,589) NA (N = 22,315)
Time of day                     
   AM: n (%) 18 (27) 50 (26) 224 (37) 377 (32) 583 (33) 562 (35) NA (NA)
   mid-day: n (%) 26 (39) 84 (43) 203 (33) 426 (36) 633 (36) 482 (30) NA (NA)
   PM: n (%) 23 (34) 62 (32) 183 (30) 380 (32) 564 (32) 545 (34) NA (NA)

At this moment, I feel tense/relaxed

1 Tense (N = 70) 2 (N = 260) 3 (N = 800) 4 (N = 1,182) 5 (N = 1,653) 6 Relaxed (N = 1,461) NA (N = 22,316)
Time of day                     
   AM: n (%) 24 (34) 91 (35) 283 (35) 406 (34) 531 (32) 480 (33) NA (NA)
   mid-day: n (%) 24 (34) 105 (40) 287 (36) 421 (36) 567 (34) 450 (31) NA (NA)
   PM: n (%) 22 (31) 64 (25) 229 (29) 354 (30) 555 (34) 531 (36) NA (NA)

At this moment, I feel tired/awake

1 Tired (N = 296) 2 (N = 684) 3 (N = 1,151) 4 (N = 1,237) 5 (N = 1,168) 6 Awake (N = 889) NA (N = 22,317)
Time of day                     
   AM: n (%) 116 (39) 224 (33) 351 (30) 391 (32) 413 (35) 320 (36) NA (NA)
   mid-day: n (%) 64 (22) 174 (25) 335 (29) 456 (37) 472 (40) 351 (39) NA (NA)
   PM: n (%) 116 (39) 286 (42) 464 (40) 389 (31) 283 (24) 218 (25) NA (NA)

At this moment, I feel without energy/full of energy

1 Without energy (N = 110) 2 (N = 460) 3 (N = 1,229) 4 (N = 1,616) 5 (N = 1,272) 6 Full of energy (N = 734) NA (N =